Creating a miniature Southern Ocean for shipboard experiments on the links between biology cloud formation
What does a changing Southern Ocean mean for climate?
Using the CTD to track change in the Southern Ocean and what it means for biological productivity and the future of the Antarctic Ice Sheet
Sampling vanishingly low concentrations of trace metals, to understand what controls Southern Ocean biology and its connection to the carbon cycle and climate.
Voyage to investigate why deep ocean currents near Antarctica are slowing, whether the Southern Ocean will continue to absorb heat and carbon dioxide, and the formation of clouds.